Sweat sodium concentration: inter-unit variability of a low cost, portable, and battery operated sodium analyzer


December 2017

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The B-722 Laqua Twin is a low cost, portable, and battery operated sodium analyzer, which can be used for the assessment of sweat sodium concentration. The Laqua Twin is reliable and provides a degree of accuracy similar to more expensive analyzers; however, its interunit measurement error remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the sodium concentration values of 70 sweat samples measured using three different Laqua Twin units. Mean absolute errors, random errors and constant errors among the different Laqua Twins ranged respectively between 1.7 mmol/L to 3.5 mmol/L, 2.5 mmol/L to 3.7 mmol/L and -0.6 mmol/L to 3.9 mmol/L. Proportional errors among Laqua Twins were all < 2%. Based on a within-subject biological variability in sweat sodium concentration of ± 12%, the maximal allowable imprecision among instruments was considered to be £ 6%. In that respect, the within (2.9%), between (4.5%), and total (5.4%) measurement error coefficient of variations were all < 6%. For a given sweat sodium concentration value, the largest observed difference in mean and lower and upper bound error of measurements among instruments were, respectively, 4.7 mmol/L, 2.3 mmol/L, and 7.0 mmol/L. In conclusion, our findings show that the interunit measurement error of the B-722 Laqua Twin is low and methodologically acceptable.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab (2017) 27(6): 528-532

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