Citation Info

Am J Physiol. 258(2 Pt 1):G216-222. Available: www.gssiweb.org

Human intestinal water absorption: direct vs. indirect measurements.

Gisolfi CV, Summers RW, Schedl HP, Bleiler TL, Oppliger RA.

Abstract

Distilled water, a carbohydrate-electrolyte (CE; 4% sucrose, 2% glucose, 17.2 meq/l NaCl, and 2.8 meq/l KCl) solution, or a 10% glucose solution, all containing the nonabsorbed indicator polyethylene glycol (PEG) and deuterium oxide (D2O, 30 ppm), were infused (15 ml/min) into the duodenojejunum of seven men by using the triple lumen technique. Net water absorption was determined directly from the change in PEG concentration and was calculated from plasma D2O derived from D2O in the perfusion solutions. The protocol included a 45-min equilibration period followed by a 90-min test period. Intestinal samples were drawn at 10-min intervals from 15 to 45 min and at 15-min intervals thereafter. Blood was drawn at 45, 50, 55, 60, 75, 90, 105, 120, and 135 min.Intestinal samples were analyzed for D2O, Na+, K+, osmolality, PEG, and glucose; blood was analyzed for D2O. Results (+/- SE; positive values secretion, negative values absorption) showed net fluid absorption from distilledwater (-9.40 +/- 1.28 ml.h-1.cm-1) and the CE (-13.30 +/- 1.22 ml.h-1.cm-1) solution, but net secretion (4.40 +/- 1.25 ml.h-1.cm-1) from the 10% glucose solution. All values were significantly (P less than 0.05) different from each other. Perfusing the CE solution caused net Na+ and K+ absorption, whereas perfusing the 10% dextrose solution caused net electrolyte secretion. Rates of D2O accumulation in the plasma were independent of the solutions perfused.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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