To assess the relationship between self-selected fluid intake patterns and changes in plasma volume and serum electrolytes during prolonged exercise, five men completed ultramarathon runs ranging from 50 to 100 km. there was a significant relationship between fluid intake and plasma volume changes but no changes occurred in either serum sodium or potassium. Subjects who ingested the most fluid during the race had a modest hemodilution without any changes in serum or potassium. This response may have been influenced by the consumption of beverages containing osmotically active solutes such as sodium and glucose.
J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 31(3):417-419.