Hyponatremia is a fall in blood sodium below a level that can be tolerated by an individual.
A normal, healthy diet requires about 10-15% of the total energy requirement come from protein.
van Loon discusses why branched chain amino acids (BCAA’s) are not a good source of energy for athletes.
Ingesting about 20-25 grams of protein is sufficient to allow a maximal post-exercise muscle response.
Larger athletes may need to eat more protein after exercise because they require larger doses of protein to stimulate new protein synthesis.
Phillips recommends 20-25 grams of protein to stimulate the rate of new muscle synthesis; however, the specific amount of protein within this range depends on the size of the athlete.
Phillips explains why there is not a significant difference between protein isolates, concentrates and hydrosylates with respect to post-exercise recovery.
Phillips explains the types of protein athletes should choose post-workout.
Halson explains why sleep is important for sports performance.
Reasons some athletes suffer from poor sleep.
Two key components to improving sleep are routine and environment.
Researchers believe athletes should get at least eight hours of sleep per night.
Halson explains how too little sleep and sleep extensions affect performance.
An athlete has greater recovery needs since they usually expend more energy than the average population.
Fatty acids found in fish oil and antioxidants found in red fruit and berries are important for brain development.
Athletes can train their intestines to absorb carbohydrates during exercise, resulting in decreased GI problems and improved performance.
The sodium levels in pickle juice are very high, but it doesn't contain the right amount of fluid to rehydrate athletes.
The best way for athletes to prevent heat cramps is to match sweat losses with fluid and sodium intake.
Examining the color of urine is an easy way for athletes to assess their hydration status.
Genetics attempts to link DNA variations to performance. Transcriptomics takes into account DNA and environmental factors, making it easier to detect differences in performance.