Citation Info

Int J Sports Med. 29(3):194-198. Available:

Fluid restriction during running increases GI permeability.

Lambert GP, Lang J, Bull A, Pfeifer PC, Eckerson J, Moore G, Lanspa S, O'Brien J.


The purpose of this study was to determine gastrointestinal (GI) permeability during prolonged treadmill running (60 min at 70 % V.O2max) with and without fluid intake (3 ml/kg body mass/10 min). Twenty runners (11 males, 9 females; age = 22 +/- 3 (SD) yrs; mean V.O2max = 55.7 +/- 5.0 ml/kg/min) completed four experiments: 1) rest, 2) running with no fluid (NF), 3) running with ingestion of a 4 % glucose solution (GLU), and 4) running with ingestion of a water placebo (PLA). To determine GI permeability, subjects also drank a solution containing 5 g sucrose (S), 5 g lactulose (L), and 2 g rhamnose (R) immediately prior to each trial. Gastroduodenal permeability was determined by urinary S excretion, while small intestinal permeability was determined by the L/R excretion ratio. Percent body mass loss (i.e., dehydration) was negligible during rest, GLU and PLA, while NF resulted in a 1.5 % loss of body mass (p < 0.05). Gastroduodenal and intestinal permeability were significantly (p < 0.008) increased in NF compared to rest. There were no other differences in GI permeability. These results indicate that fluid restriction during 1 h of steady-state running increases GI permeability above resting levels.