COURSE CATALOG

Approved Provider For

Hydration: One Size Does Not Fit All

Hydration for sport is more than a health and safety concern during warm weather. Suboptimal hydration can also cause decreased performance in a variety of sports and environmental conditions. By identifying individuals’ fluid needs and developing replacement plans around those needs and the constraints of a given sport or activity, athletic trainers can improve their athletes’ performance. This session will provide athletic trainers the tools to design better hydration plans through evidence-based practices for the assessment of fluid needs and consult with a variety of physically active individuals beyond one size fits all advice.

The Hydration Debate: Making Sense of Mixed Messages

Hydration strategies used during exercise, training and competition seek to prevent over-/under-hydration and preserve performance, but it isn’t as simple as drinking throughout exercise. Research physiologist Robert W. Kenefick, PhD, FACSM, describes the current research on hydration strategies and provides practical applications for each method.

Managing Post-Exercise Inflammation: From Ibuprofen to Cherries

Most people know NSAIDs, like aspirin, can help control inflammation in the body – but what if the same results could be achieved through nutrition? Sports dietitian, Roberta Anding, MS, RD/LD, CDE, CSSD, FAND, sheds some light on the benefits of an anti-inflammatory diet to reduce the inflammation associated with exercise.

Sleep in Elite Athletes and Rest in the NBA

Cheri Mah, a sleep research scientist, discusses current research related to sleep and performance in elite athletes. The webinar includes sleep challenges athletes face, the impact sleep can have on performance as well as practical strategies to improve sleep. A particular focus is given to the NBA and the role that sleep and game schedules can play on performance. 

Nutrition for Marathon Running

Professor Asker Jeukendrup discusses race-day Nutrition for Marathon Runners. The webinar includes a historical perspective on nutrition practices of marathoners as well as the current research around nutrition and performance. A particular focus is on practical nutrition strategies for before, during and after a marathon.

American Football Taskforce webinar

A recorded version of the nutrition in sport: American Football webinar is now available. Hear from the authors of the American Football series of SSEs as they highlight a variety of topics related to sports science and American Football. Watch the full 2 hour webinar to receive 2 units of continuing education for ACSM, CDR or the BOC.

SSE #177: Weight Management for Athletes and Active Individuals

Energy balance is a dynamic process that assumes that numerous biological and behavioral factors regulate and influence both sides of the energy balance equation. Thus, changing one side of the energy balance equation (energy intake) can and does influence the other side of the equation (energy expenditure). The energy cost of weight loss changes over time even when the level of energy restriction is held constant. Thus, individuals will lose weight differently on the same weight loss diet, even if no exercise is part of the weight loss plan. Active individuals, especially lean athletes, who desire weight loss should not restrict energy intake too dramatically to avoid loss of lean tissue. To preserve lean tissue during periods of energy restriction, adequate protein intake needs to be assessed and prescribed.

Reference Article

SSE #177: Weight Management for Athletes and Active Individuals

SSE #176: HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE YOUTH SPORTS - THE FUTURE OF YOUTH ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT

There are many benefits yet also several challenges associated with participation in youth sports. A variable, diversified and balanced development program with an athlete-centered emphasis on health, safety and fun is the best pathway to sustainable athletic and sport success and optimal performance.

Reference Article

SSE #176: HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE YOUTH SPORTS - THE FUTURE OF YOUTH ATHLETE DEVELOPMENT

SSE #175: The Female Athlete: Energy and Nutrition Issues

Energy intake is important for numerous reasons when it comes to the female athlete. Low energy intakes increase the risk of many health issues and impaired performance. For active females, adequate energy intake is essential for high-level performance and maintaining or building muscle, bone, and general health. There are specific micronutrients discussed in this sports science exchange article that are most likely to be low in the diets of active women if energy is restricted, poor food choices are made, or gastrointestinal issues are present.

Reference Article

SSE #175: The Female Athlete: Energy and Nutrition Issues

SSE #173: Nutritional Strategies to Improve Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Content and Function

Training-induced increases in mitochondrial content improve exercise tolerance by attenuating rises in cytosolic free adenosine diphosphate (ADP) concentrations. Nutritional approaches to improve training-induced mitochondrial biogenesis are limited, partially because of a lack of understanding of the initiating molecular signals regulating this process. The recent revelation that mitochondrial derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) can induce mitochondrial biogenesis may result in novel training approaches. The consumption of various nutrients may also play a role in mitochondrial content.

Reference Article

SSE #173: Nutritional Strategies to Improve Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Content and Function

SSE #170: Branched-chain amino acid supplementation to support muscle anabolism following exercise

Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) are essential amino acids that play several important roles in muscle metabolism. The BCAAs are critical for stimulation of molecular signaling that leads to muscle protein synthesis and muscle protein breakdown. This sports science exchange will discuss the research associated with BCAAs, other nutritional sources, and their effects on muscle protein following exercise.

Reference Article

SSE #170: Branched-chain amino acid supplementation to support muscle anabolism following exercise

SSE #161: Sweat Testing Methodology in the Field: Challenges and Best Practices

The amount of water and electrolytes (primarily sodium, Na+) lost as a consequence of thermoregulatory sweating during exercise can vary considerably within and among athletes. Some factors that cause the sweat rate variability: exercise intensity, environmental conditions, heat acclimation status, aerobic capacity, genetic predisposition, body size/composition, protective equipment, sex, diet and hydration status. Sweat testing can help to estimate individual sweating rates and sweat Na+ losses to guide personalized fluid and electrolyte replacement recommendations. However, it is important to note that if sweat testing is not done correctly and in a consistent manner, sweat testing results may vary and will be inaccurate. Based on study findings to date, as well as some practical considerations, current best practices in sweat testing in the field (including collection, storage, analysis and interpretation) are proposed.

Reference Article

SSE #161: Sweat Testing Methodology in the Field: Challenges and Best Practices

SSE #160: Dietary protein to support active aging

Aging is accompanied by a decline in skeletal muscle mass and strength. The loss of muscle mass with aging is at least partly attributed to a blunted muscle protein synthetic response to food intake. Physical activity increases the sensitivity of skeletal muscle tissue to the anabolic properties of protein consumption. Exercise and adequate protein consumption together attenuates age-related muscle loss and can be combined effectively to increase muscle mass, strength and functional performance in older populations.  Thus, research is ongoing to define the optimal type, amount, and appropriate timing of protein intake to further enhance the adaptive response to exercise training.

Reference Article

SSE #160: Dietary protein to support active aging

SSE #159: PROTEIN AND EXERCISE IN WEIGHT LOSS: CONSIDERATIONS FOR ATHLETES

Weight loss is common in athletes and is typically practiced with the goal of increasing the efficiency of movement and thus enhancing performance. Weight loss can be accomplished “passively”, making use of nutrition strategies only; i.e. by restricting energy intake. Several ‘diet-only’ plans have been examined in head-to-head studies, confirming there are a variety of dietary patterns which promote weight loss; all of which must create an energy deficit. However, weight loss via diet alone results in the loss of both body fat and lean tissue, which would likely include skeletal muscle and potentially the loss of bone mass. In addition to diet-only strategies, weight loss can be accomplished through increasing the volume/intensity of exercise without changes in dietary intake, or as is more common, in combination with a reduction in energy intake. Optimizing both the quantity and timing of protein intake can help mitigate losses in muscle mass. In addition to protein intake and exercise, the speed of weight loss, and hence the magnitude of the caloric deficit, can affect the ability to retain lean mass. In fact, with substantially large caloric deficits, increases in dietary protein may show diminishing effects in mitigating losses of lean tissue mass.

Reference Article

SSE #159: PROTEIN AND EXERCISE IN WEIGHT LOSS: CONSIDERATIONS FOR ATHLETES

SSE #158: Hydration and Thermal Strain in Youth Sports: Responses and Recommendations to Minimize Clinical Risk and Optimize Performance in the Heat

Ensuring adolescent athletes are healthy, sufficiently fit, rested, well hydrated, nourished, and progressively acclimatized to the heat is critical to minimizing the risk of exertional heat illness. In relation to individual health status and fitness, athletic activities should be appropriately modified as heat and humidity rise. With sufficient preparation, appropriate modification, and close monitoring, exertional heat illness is usually preventable.

Reference Article

SSE #158: Hydration and Thermal Strain in Youth Sports: Responses and Recommendations to Minimize Clinical Risk and Optimize Performance in the Heat

SSE #156: Dietary Nitric Oxide Precursors and Exercise Performance

Nitric Oxide (NO) is involved in several bodily processes, and exercise performance may be enhanced by augmenting NO production. NO can be synthesized by oxidation of the amino acid, L-arginine, or by reduction of nitrate to nitrite. Dietary supplements containing these NO precursors have been promoted as possible ergogenic aids. L-citrulline supplementation may enable a higher level of extracellular L-arginine and enhanced NO availability, but further studies are required to investigate its ergogenic potential. Dietary nitrate supplementation, typically via beetroot juice ingestion, has been shown to reduce oxygen cost of low-intensity exercise and to increase the time to exhaustion during high-intensity continuous and intermittent exercise. The efficacy of dietary supplementation with NO precursors is likely related to a range of factors.

Reference Article

SSE #156: Dietary Nitric Oxide Precursors and Exercise Performance

SSE #154: High-Intensity Interval Training and the Impact of Diet

Dietary interventions can alter the acute and chronic responses to interval-type exercise. The effect of specific dietary manipulations on interval training is difficult to draw conclusions from, as there have been limited studies in this area. Based on the research available, we may draw conclusions regarding carbohydrate availability, sodium bicarbonate, as well as beta-alanine, and their suggested role in performance adaptations.

Reference Article

SSE #154: High-Intensity Interval Training and the Impact of Diet

SSE #153: Heat Acclimatization to Improve Athletic Performance in Warm-Hot Environments

Heat acclimatization (acclimation) occurs when repeated exercise-induced heat exposures are sufficiently stressful to invoke profuse sweating and elevate whole-body temperature. Biological adaptations to heat acclimation include reduced physiological strain, improved comfort, improved exercise capacity and a reduction in risk of serious heat illness during exposure to heat stress. Practical strategies to induce heat acclimation are discussed.

Reference Article

SSE #153: Heat Acclimatization to Improve Athletic Performance in Warm-Hot Environments

SSE #152: Hydration & Aerobic Performance: Impact of Environment

When sweat rates are high, ad libitum fluid intake is often not adequate to full replace sweat losses. This can result in cumulative body water deficits (Hypohydration) that can negatively impact aerobic performance, particularly in warm-hot environments. Hypohydration occurs at a body water deficit of >2% body mass loss. Mechanisms behind impaired aerobic performance are discussed.

Reference Article

SSE #152: Hydration & Aerobic Performance: Impact of Environment