training performance

The Contribution of Genetics to Athletic Performance

The Contribution of Genetics to Athletic Performance

Genetics explain about 50 percent of performance outcomes, nutrition and other aspects of gene regulation also play important roles.

Using Genetics to Predict Individual Responses to Nutrition

Using Genetics to Predict Individual Responses to Nutrition

Predicting an individual's response to nutrition is challenging, since scientists need to account for both the genetic variation of the athlete and the gut biome.

Nitrates alter the energy cost of exercise

Nitrates alter the energy cost of exercise

The dietary nitrates in beet root juice alter running economy and cycling efficiency to help improve performance.

THE IMPORTANCE OF SLEEP FOR ATHLETES

THE IMPORTANCE OF SLEEP FOR ATHLETES

Halson explains why sleep is important for sports performance.

HOW SLEEP AFFECTS PERFORMANCE?

HOW SLEEP AFFECTS PERFORMANCE?

Halson explains how too little sleep and sleep extensions affect performance.

GENOMICS VERSUS TRANSCRIPTOMICS TO UNDERSTAND PERFORMANCE

GENOMICS VERSUS TRANSCRIPTOMICS TO UNDERSTAND PERFORMANCE

Genetics attempts to link DNA variations to performance. Transcriptomics takes into account DNA and environmental factors, making it easier to detect differences in performance.

THE FUTURE OF GENOMIC TECHNOLOGIES TO HELP ATHLETES

THE FUTURE OF GENOMIC TECHNOLOGIES TO HELP ATHLETES

In the future, genomics may be able to help athletes personalize their training approach and predict injury-related responses.

BENEFITS OF STRENGTH TRAINING LATER IN THE DAY

BENEFITS OF STRENGTH TRAINING LATER IN THE DAY

If their goal is to increase muscle mass, athletes may want to train later in the day. This timing may associate their training with their largest intake of amino acids. Relaxing at night will also help to decrease metabolic stress, which impairs adaptations to training.

PHYSIOLOGIC ADAPTATIONS BASED ON TRAINING MODE

PHYSIOLOGIC ADAPTATIONS BASED ON TRAINING MODE

Endurance training will increase aerobic capacity, while strength training will increase muscle mass and alter the functionality of connective tissue.

TYPES OF DIETARY FAT AND PERFORMANCE

TYPES OF DIETARY FAT AND PERFORMANCE

During exercise fat stored in the muscle and adipose tissue supplies energy, so the type of dietary fat doesn't matter for performance. However, good health saturated fats should be limited and omega-3 fatty acids encouraged.

THE ROLES OF SUGAR AND SALT IN A SPORTS DRINK

THE ROLES OF SUGAR AND SALT IN A SPORTS DRINK

Sugar and salt, along with water and flavor, are the key components of a sports drink. Carbohydrates, including sugars, provide fuel and salt helps replace sweat losses.

Strength Increases in Powerlifters vs. Bodybuilders

Strength Increases in Powerlifters vs. Bodybuilders

Powerlifters are stronger than bodybuilders due to their type of training program.

Muscle Gains in Powerlifters vs. Bodybuilders

Muscle Gains in Powerlifters vs. Bodybuilders

The biological mechanism for muscle gain is exactly the same for powerlifters and bodybuilders.